Cognitive skills are the skills the brain uses to think, learn, read, remember, pay attention, and solve problems. We all accumulate knowledge through the process of cognitive development, which includes both, inherent and learned factors.
Research on Cognitive development has proved that our mind is not developed according to a blueprint or innate intellect but through a combination of various influencing factors that can help them develop all through adulthood.
There are different activities and games that can help in cognitive stimulation of toddlers. Parents these days are focused on the overall development of their kids. Hence, it is imperative that we engage them in wide spectrum of activities that require memory use, language skills and attention to various colours, shapes, and words.
Here is a list of games via which you will be able to offer your little one with educational activities that are both fun and entertaining:
1. Sorting Colors with Pompoms and Cardboard Rolls:

At the beginning of the activity place a couple of pompoms in the bowl underneath the matching colored rolls to support the learning. Once they are familiar with the colours and the instructions, you can start playing the game with your little one. Ask the child to put the matching pompom in the corresponding cardboard roll. Make sure the cardboard rolls are of decent height so that the toddler is able to reach it for putting the pompom in it. Also, put a small bowl underneath the cardboard rolls so that the pompoms are collected in there. Early identification of colours, helps to create the cognitive link between visual clues and words.

2. Number Play Dough:
If you want to introduce or reinforce learning numbers, then this is one of the coolest and fun ways to learn and bring out the child’s creativity at the same time. You will need play dough, Printed number sheets, number cutter (optional) and rolling pin. Roll the dough in the palms (and use number cutter) to create the desired shape, using the number sheet as guide. It is a great activity for improving the hand and eye coordination and fine motor development which are essential to complete tasks like tying shoelace, zipping, using a fork or spoon, etc. You can also practice Alphabet Play Dough to recognize and learn alphabets.
3.  Sensory Play with Sand:
We have all been there and we have all enjoyed playing with sand. But what is important to note is that playing with sand can have many benefits. It develops strong motor skills and promotes the creativity and imagination of the child. It also leads to better hand and eye coordination. Since it involves speaking and creating stories, it also leads to language development. Children love touching, feeling and exploring the textures of the sand. So bring your sand moulding set and spark the imagination of your child.
4.  Sing or Play Along:
Get a toy musical instrument that can play various sounds and rhymes. Then pretend to be part of the performance and teach the child different things. Music is one of the best ways to connect with your child and even the child will be curious to learn more through it. Music also helps the body and mind to work together.
5. Building Blocks:
This game teaches the child to build block patterns such as stacking blocks or placing them in a row and so on. Ask your child to copy your block pattern and also show him that you are having fun copying his pattern. Make it a little more complicated as he becomes skilled in building patterns. Playing this game improves the creativity of the child and boosts problem-solving skills. It also helps the child to become more confident to reach a solution.
As toddlers use imagery part of their thinking, so they will be able to discuss objects and people which will open a whole new world of cognitive experiences for them. A toddler of around 2 years has a vocabulary of 200 words and can start to put words together. So make sure that in his early years of development you provide him with a great environment to play and learn.
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