1. Reading a habit: Parents can begin by making reading a habit for their toddlers. At a specific time, such as ‘bedtime’ the child and parent read together. While a child snuggle to their parent, the warmth and coziness makes them enjoy the book and concentrate better. This expands vocabulary which surely improves language.

2. Speak in English: It’s vital that children speak English even in everyday activities. As parents, we can ask them questions like, ‘Where is your book?’, ‘Can you lay the table with me?, ‘Which is your favorite activity at school?’. When your child’s responses are in English it will help him to improve his speaking skills.

3. Hook with the right book: As parents, we know how difficult it is to keep our child engaged with books. Usually, animated ones with sounds are an excellent way for children to develop their listening skills. Picture books are another way to enhance a child’s vocabulary. You could ask your child, “ What is this?” by pointing to the bear in the book. The photographs and vibrant pictures will ensure your child’s knowledge only deepens.

4. Read and repeat: Reading as emphasized earlier is one of the best ways to help a child build their vocabulary. And repetition is the key to enabling this skill to be embedded in the child’s brain. Choose stories which have a rhythmic pattern and are repetitive in nature. For example, ‘Brown, bear, brown bear What Do You See?’ by Eric Carle.

5. Exposing the big words: While reading, if you stump upon a word which your toddler may not grasp, don’t skip it. Instead, say it because your toddler’s mind is like a sponge which absorbs all that is given. If they are aware of such words, then when the time comes they will bank on this knowledge to move ahead.

6. Watch English videos: As parents, we give in to our kids having screen time. Once, they have their iPads with them, encourage them to watch videos in English only.

7. Describe: The inquisitive minds of toddlers make them ask two repetitive questions, “What?” and “Why?”. Feed their minds with descriptive words and adjectives. It’s the right time to introduce the five senses, i.e. sight, smell, taste, touch and hear. This will enable them to give a better description of everyday objects and situations. For example, while getting dressed you could use all the vocabulary pertaining to items of clothing such as white t-shirt, (black) pants, (printed) socks and (light) shoes etc.

8. Audiobooks and Music: Allow your child to listen to Audiobooks in English. This will allow the kids to be immersed in the language and they will be able to speak at a faster rate. Audiobooks also develop their listening skills. Include music as a part of your daily routine with your child. It’s fun, relaxing and children love to learn through it. Popular rhymes which introduce vocabulary and help them practice it are a great way to start.

9. Go beyond- ‘good’ & ‘nice’: Often as parents, we resort to the three most commonly used words, ‘good’, ‘nice’ and ‘thank you’. Instead, use adjectives to describe the object, behavior or everyday activities. For example, ‘ the popcorn is crunchy, yummy, round which goes pop!

10. Pretend and Play: Create the scenarios which allow your toddler to practice vocabulary by exploring various professions such as a chef, hair stylist, supermarket cashiers and a doctor. By giving your child a scene and those toys; they are coerced in a way to use vocabulary to communicate the event and their needs by verbalizing what they are imagining.

11. Body language and following your child’s direction: Provide matching body language in the context spoken in. By doing so, the child will form associations with the word and remember the word. For example, “Please pass me the pencil” and you would point to the pencil to suggest what you want. When you follow their direction, it’s going to help you to help them. This is because you shift your focus from what interests you to what interests them. Thus, they grasp better! They might lead you to a garden and their curiosity aids them to learn about new things. For example, “The little squirrel in the tree.”