1. Reading: Pick the right books wherein there are a lot of pictures and words that build knowledge. You will be astonished at your toddler recognizing a bird and its various types such as toucans, eagles, budgies and more. Parents must focus on reading the right way. Read through every page and allow the child to question through the animals and pictures that they encounter in the book. As they look at the pictures, try to engage them in what they think is happening in the pictures before you read the actual words. This develops the connections between what they see and what they hear. With repetition, they are able to memorize certain words in reference to specific images.

2. Interactive: Toddlers love music so make the most of songs and rhymes. A powerful tool to expand their vocabulary is by using words in a song and singing it to your toddler. Making your own words to the melodies of a song they are familiar with, will enable them to remember the vocabulary. Toddlers are wired to respond to human voices and interaction!

3. Games: Simon Says and treasure hunts are a great way to help a child learn the instructional language, as well as prepositions (location words) like behind, around, under, over etc.

4. Focus on new words: The best thing you can do is to encourage naming lots of things and actively exploring with their five senses. This particular experience (pictured above) allowed us to use lots of color words, texture words (ooey, gooey, messy, smooth, slippery, wrinkled). Take advantage of being one of the biggest influences on your preschooler’s learning and make a point of introducing your child to new words while you go about day-to-day activities. For example, at the grocery store, explain that the loaf of bread is also considered a carbohydrate and that chicken is poultry.

5. Word Of The Day: Pick a word of the day and explain what it means. Encourage your child to use that word as much as possible correctly. You could make a game of it and set a limit like throughout the day he/she must use the word five times the right way and they’ll get a treat like a sticker. Pick a new word every day and at the end of the week, if they’ve used his words correctly, take them out for ice cream or another special treat.

6. Show And Tell: Take your child out on a walk or out to the park and have them pick up interesting looking things like a pretty flower or rock or maybe if you’re at the beach they can pick up a seashell or marbles or coins. When you get home, ask your child to spread them out and tell you about their findings.

7. Label, Label, Label: As mothers, we tend to label and organize everything around. Hence, it’s no surprise that we want to pass this skill on to our children as well. Let them label anything in the house from cabinets, drawers, refrigerators and wardrobes. This will enable them to gain vocabulary!

8. Don’t shy away from big words: When you’re reading a book to your child and you come across a ‘big’ or ‘difficult’ word; don’t shy away from it. Try not to simplify too much. There is a possibility they may comprehend it despite the complexity.

9. Don’t make a big deal about speech mistakes: There’s no need to correct your child. Repeat the correct pronunciation. Help your child by saying the word clearly and allowing them to hear the sound. For example, they might confuse, ‘Champlin’ instead of ‘champion’.  

10. Repetition through rhyme: Choose stories which are rhythmic in nature. Children learn through repetition and reinforcement. The Eric Carle series is a classic example.

It doesn’t matter which specific method you use, you may find that one that worked today won’t work tomorrow but might work the day after. The point is to keep trying and soon you’ll learn the dichotomy every parent faces. You want your child to start talking, but then once they do…

Hello English Kids app ensures that your child learns rhymes through the ‘ rhyme section’ on the app. The stories are interactive and increase vocabulary through their comprehension questions. The questions ask the child to find answers to who, what, when, where and why. 5 W’s when understood and applied can help a child learn the essential skills of writing early on.