A language is a vast subject in itself and can only be learnt over time. There, however, are set milestones that one should ideally achieve at set intervals to ensure that learning continues smoothly. These milestones serve as a guide to normal development. There is a general age and time when most children pass through these periods. These milestones help doctors and other health professionals determine when a child may need extra help to learn to speak or to use language.

First three years of life in humans are crucial for speech and language development as the brain is best able to absorb language basics at this time. It, therefore, is important, that during this period, the child is exposed to the right sounds and sights consistently.

Starting from the first cry which is also an expression for a new-born, the child by the age of 4, starts making sentences, answering questions and classifying objects as foods and clothes. This, however, is a very gradual process. As a parent, you need to have patience and be aware of the normal development that happens at various stages of infancy. Typically, simple skills need to be reached before the more complex skills can be learned.

  • At the age of 1-2, kids recognize names of familiar objects and people around them.
  • At the age of 2, children start using simple phrases and understanding simple, uncomplicated commands.
  • By the time the kid is 3 years old, he/she knows pronouns and general descriptive words such as “big” or “happy”.
  • After the kid turns 4, the vocabulary bank of the kid explodes and keeps enhancing. The language development curve constantly shows a steep growth in terms of new words and concepts learned until the kid turns twelve.

The milestones below are identifiable skills:



It is important to remember that not every child is the same. Children reach milestones at different ages. Talk your child’s healthcare provider if you are suspicious that your child is not developing speech and language skills correctly.